Air Pollution and Premature Deaths

Prelims-Economy

a) Air pollution causes 7,90,000 premature deaths every year in Europe and 8.8 million worldwide.

b) Most of the excess deaths are caused by heart attacks, strokes and other types of cardiovascular disease.

c) On average, a toxic cocktail of pollutants from vehicles, industry and agriculture shortens the lives of those who die prematurely by 2.2 years.

d) Small and larger particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) have been linked to drops in cognitive performance, labour productivity and educational outcomes.

e) The new study focused on Europe, but the updated statistical methods were also applied to the rest of the world.

f) The revised number for China is 2.8 million deaths per year.

Source: Indian Express