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Census 2021

The notification for carrying out the 16th Indian census, Census 2021 has been issued.

What is a census?

1. Census is a continuous process and an exercise conducted across the length and breadth of the country.

2. It started during the British time in 1931 and since then every 10 years, the government of India conducts census.

3. The process tries to ascertain the socio-economic status of inhabitants of the house through the house listing process.

4. The process will also get information on the facilities used by the people.

5. Census also studies the rural-urban migration, availability of jobs in different cities, capability of mega cities to handle the influx of people for jobs.

Why is Census 2021 important?

1. Census 2021 will cover 31 questions decided by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

2. The questions range from access to latrines to the internet, number of inhabitants, ownership status, etc.

3. It helps the government in formulating its policies for the people.

4. It gives an idea about the latest size of the population of the country.

5. It shows India’s position in terms of prosperity level, male-female proportion of each state and section of population that are benefitting/lagging behind since after 1947.

6. The Census 2021 data on socio-economic strata can help in understanding the reach of various social welfare schemes and impact of large developments since 2011 on the society.

7. This will help the government to understand the socio-economic position of people and to target beneficiaries through the welfare schemes in the future.

How is it different from the previous census?

1. Census 2011 attempted to estimate the population based on Socio-Economic and Caste Status for the first time since 1931 that covered only the religion of the citizen.

2. But it led to the creation of hundreds of thousands of caste/sub-caste categories as the enumeration was based on the respondents’ declaration.

3. In census 2021, digital technology will be used extensively, and data will be stored in electronic format.

4. It will be conducted through mobile apps making results and analysis available in less time as compared to the previous census.