Mains- GS-2-Social Justice
On World Day Against Child Labour (June 12) in 2017, India ratified two core conventions of the International Labour Organization on child labour.
What is the need?
1. As per the 2011 Census, in the age group 5-14 years, 10.1 million of 259.6 million constituted working children.
2. Even though there was a decline in the number of working children to 3.9% in 2011 from 5% in 2001, the decline rate is insufficient.
3. UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)-8.7 aims to end child labour in all forms by 2025.
Which are of priority?
1. Strengthening policy and legislative enforcement.
2. Building the capacities of government, workers’ and employers’ organisations as well as other partners at national, State and community levels.
How could India act to eliminate child Labour?
1. India has to invest in enhancing the quality of data on child labour.
2. Identify the set of factors and drivers that push children into the labour market. Each sector and each demographical segment have different sets. Ex: Poverty in family, Lack of Educational facilities etc.
3. These drivers can only be identified and analysed through proper research, surveys and assessments.
4. A stronger awareness of SDGs and eliminating child labour through government and civil society participants engaged in this area of work.
5. The fight against child labour is not just the responsibility of one, it is the responsibility of all.
6. The interest of the private sector has to be utilised, particularly to leverage key influencers in domestic and multinational supply chains.
7. A sector-wide culture of child labor-free businesses must be nurtured.
8. It is also a competitive advantage for multi-nationals to ensure that child labor is effectively eliminated in their supply chains.
Source: The Hindu