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Clean and Renewable Energy

1. Renewable energy is important for future energy systems.

2. India has a huge potential for generating green electricity from renewable energy resources.

3. India seeks to make a significant contribution towards climate change mitigation and emerge as a responsible global powerhouse.

What are India’s achievements in the renewable energy sector?

1. Government of India is launching many schemes for renewable energy resources.

2. India’s renewable energy capacity has crossed the 80GW mark in June 2019 and the Government targets to achieve 175GW of clean energy capacity 2022.

3. This includes energy from solar, wind, bio-power, etc.

4. As per India’s Intended Nationally determined Contribution for UNFCCC, a cumulative electric power capacity of 40% from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources is to be installed by 2030.

5. Recently India has achieved the third rank globally for solar installation capacity.

How the government is promoting solar energy?

1. Government is providing fiscal and promotional incentives, Viability Gap Funding, financing solar rooftop systems, allowing FDI up to 100% under the automatic route.

2. India along with France launched International Solar Alliance to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource-rich countries that lie between the Tropics of Capricorn and cancer.

3. India and France also have committed funding solar energy projects in developing country.

4. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is facilitating various programs like harnessing renewable power, renewable energy for rural and urban areas, industrial and commercial applications and development of alternative fuels.

5. Targets of grid-connected solar power projects under National Solar Mission, launched in 2010, have been revised to 100GW from 20GW by 2022.

6. 42 solar parks with an aggregate capacity of 23.40 GW is approved under the Scheme of solar parks, launched in December 2014.

7. Solar power parks will contribute towards long term energy security of the country, reduce carbon emissions and carbon footprint and generate various employment opportunities.

Which are the schemes launched to promote renewable energy?

KUSUM

1. The Kisan Urja Suraksha (KUSUM) was launched to provide financial and water security to farmers.

2. The scheme aims to increase the solar power capacity of India.

3. It includes the installation of solar-powered agricultural pumps.

4. Individual farmers, cooperatives and Panchayats will set up renewable power plants under the scheme.

5. The scheme will generate employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled workers.

6. It will save carbon dioxide emissions as well as expected 1.2 billion liters of diesel per annum. This will save foreign exchange due to reduction of crude oil’s import.

SRISTI scheme

1. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy launched the scheme “Sustainable Rooftop for Solar Transfiguration of India”.

2. It will incentivize the installation of rooftop solar projects in India.

National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy

1. It provides a framework for promotion of large grid-connected wind-solar PV hybrid system.

2. This will bring efficient utilization of transmission infrastructure and land.

3. It also aims at reducing the variability in renewable power generation and achieving better grid stability.

4. It provides for the integration of both the energy sources – wind and solar.

Green Energy Corridor

1. It is an initiative of Government of India for the evacuation of large-scale renewable energy.

2. For this, Intra State Transmission System (ISTS) is being implemented by 8 renewable energy-rich states of Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.

Where is the way ahead?

1. The Government of India is implementing various schemes so that maximum clean energy can be tapped in the country and uninterrupted power supply can be ensured in remote areas.

2. So, research and technological developments need to be done in the research institutes to conserve the clean and renewable energy for the interests of the country and a safe future.