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Constitution of India

1. The year 2019 was the 70th year of the adoption of the Constitution.

2. During the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar in 2015, 26th November was decided to be celebrated as the Constitution Day every year.

3. The spirit of the Constitution is celebrated through a series of initiatives and activities till 26th November 2020 to publicize the composite culture and diversity of the nation.

Why is the Constitution important?

1. The Constitution written over 70 years ago is more relevant even at present for the government, judiciary and citizens alike.

2. It stands on the core principles of justice, liberty and equality.

3. It reminds the citizens of their fundamental duties to uphold unity and integrity and the Directive Principles for the government.

4. It is the guiding light for society as a whole.

How was the Indian Constitution drafted?

1. The Constitution of India is a result of exhaustive research and deliberations of a body of experts.

2. They prepared a futuristic and vibrant document reflecting India’s ideals and aspirations and also to protect the future of Indians.

3. They brought the best features of all the existing related documents and made India’s Constitution one of the most lengthy and detailed document in the world.

4. The Constitution is well equipped for future amendment provision and is neither too rigid nor too flexible.

5. The 100+ amendments in the Constitution over seven decades making it more relevant in the present times.

Which are some of the important features?

1. The Preamble of the Constitution declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular democratic republic and a welfare state, which is committed to secure justice, liberty and equality for the people.

2. It also promotes fraternity, dignity of the individual and unity and integrity of the nation.

3. Rule of law, a core value of Indian civilization since ages has been incorporated.

4. The fundamental rights go along with fundamental duties.

So, it is the duty of every citizen to:

1. abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals

2. cherish and follow the noble ideals of our freedom struggle

3. renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women

4. value and preserve the rich heritage of Indian culture.

Where the changes were made?

1. About 1500 archaic laws have been repealed.

2. New legislations have been enacted to strengthen the social fabric such as rights for transgender, law against the practice of triple talaq, expanding the rights of Persons with Disabilities, etc.

3. Responsible and sensitive amendments were made to meet the needs of modern society.