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Driving a Green Transition for the Environment

What is India’s vision regarding electric mobility?

1. The global penetration growing close to 75% per year and electric mobility is the definitive game changer for transport sector in the world.

2. India is a member of the eight-country Clean Energy Ministerial, a high-level forum to promote clean energy policies and programmes.

3. India aims to achieve a 30% electric vehicle penetration by 2030.

4. India is today the world’s second most attractive market for renewable energy equipment in the world.

Why is electric-mobility necessary?

1. Fossil fuel powered mobility ecosystem is environmentally unsustainable.

2. Internal combustion engines (ICEs) are among the leading sources of air pollution across the world.

3. India is among the countries having the world's highest rates of vehicular emissions and correspondingly, air-pollution related deaths.

4. Electric vehicles have zero tail-pipe emissions as they do not use ICE.

5. According to a NITI Aayog Report, India can reduce 64% of the energy demand for road transport and 37% of carbon emissions by 2030, by pursuing a shared, electric and connected mobility future.

How are electric vehicles (EVs) better than conventional vehicles?

1. EVs have lower GHG emissions than a conventional, internal combustion engine powered vehicle.

2. EVs convert about 59-62% of the grid energy to power at the wheels, in comparison, ICE vehicles convert 20% of petrol’s energy to drive power.

Which steps have been taken towards the development of electric mobility by India?

1. The recent national Mission on Transformative mobility and Battery Storage, encourages setting up large scale, export-competitive integrated batteries and cell manufacturing giga-plants in India through a Phased Manufacturing Programme (PMP).

2. The mission’s focus on production localization can bring down the battery storage costs.

3. Investment in battery technology is important from an environmental point of view as it presents a powerful pathway out of coal dependence.

4. Solar powered public charging stations are also being rolled out by discoms like BHEL and across India, delivering 100% zero-emissions based electricity to electric vehicles.

5. Strategies such as demand and supply side-incentives; promotion of R&D in battery technology and management systems, promotion of charging infrastructures are some measures required to bring about the mobility transition.

6. India's e-mobility sector has also taken cues, insights, and knowledge from global counterparts.