Empowerment of youth through skilling

Who should be considered for skill development in India?

1.        Skills of youth need to be developed so that they get good employment opportunities within the country as well as globally.

2.        Youth implies a person between the age of leaving compulsory education and age when they find their first employment.

3.        India has 27% of its population in (15-29) years age group. It gives it a demographic advantage.

How to empower the youth with the latest technologies?

1.        Information and Communication Technology (ICT) knowledge needs to be integrated immediately into formal school learning.

2.        Employers should provide skill training and exposure to the latest technology through apprenticeship and on the job training.

Which are some of the Government initiatives taken in for skilling Indian youth?

1.        National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS): 

a) This flagship program was launched on 19th August 2016 for providing Apprenticeship Training to 50 lakh youth by 2020.

b) A dedicated apprenticeship portal facilitates the whole process.

c) This programme equips technically qualified youth with practical knowledge and skills by placing them in Central, State and Private Organisations.

2.        Start-Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP): 

a) It helps the rural poor (including artisans and weavers) to set up enterprises at the village level in non-agricultural sectors.

b) It is a sub-scheme under the National Rural Livelihood Mission.

3.        Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs): 

a) It is a partnership programme between the Ministry of Rural Development, State Governments and Banks.

b) RSETIs provide training in Agriculture, Process, Product and General Entrepreneurship Development Programmes leading to self-employment.

4.        National Employability Enhancement Mission (NEEM): 

It provides on-the-job practical training to enhance employability of a person.

5.        National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC): 

It will enable the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) to empower youth and entrepreneurs with digital skills.

6.        Paravasi Kaushal Vishal Yojana (PKVY): 

Under this scheme, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), target at Indian youth seeking overseas employment.

7.        Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS): 

a) They concentrate on empowerment of unskilled persons, women, persons belonging to SC/ST and minorities.

b) They offer quality vocational training skills and technical knowledge at a very low cost.

c) They link literacy with vocational skills and provide Life Enrichment Education (LEE).

8.        National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET): 

It will regulate the functioning of entities engaged in vocational education and training.

What is the role of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship?

1.        It is a Ministry of Government of India set up on 9 November 2014.

2.        It coordinates all skill development efforts across the country.

3.        It is given the responsibility of looking at industrial training, apprenticeship and other skill developments that were under Ministry of Labour and Employment.

4.        Director General of Training, National Skill Development Corporation, National Skill Development Agency and National Skill Development Fund are organizations under this Ministry.

5.        Its aims to:

a)        Remove disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower

b)        Build new skills and innovative thinking for both existing jobs and jobs that are to be created.

Why reforms related to skill development are important?

1.        Institutional reforms will lead to improvement in quality and market relevance of skill development programmes.

2.        It will encourage greater private investment and employer participation in skills space.

3.        They will increase skilled manpower in India, making it the ‘skill capital of the world’.

Where to focus?

1.        It should be ensured that youth complete at least a secondary level of schooling that is essential to pursue skill development courses.

2.        As rapid technological developments are taking place today, the emphasis of skilling should shift from short-term courses to long-term courses.