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India Justice Report 2019

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1. India Justice Report 2019 has been released by Tata Trusts.

2. It was prepared in collaboration with Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, DAKSH, TISS- Prayas and Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy.

3. The report is conceived of as being the first of a series that would help review the justice system on a regular basis.


1. The report ranks individual Indian states in relation to their capacity to deliver access to justice.

2. The report consciously makes use of only government data, objective and measurable, to indicate the level to which a particular state has equipped itself to deliver justice to the population.

3.  States are ranked on four pillars of the justice system

a) Police

b) Prison system

c) Judiciary

d) Legal aid

4. Maharashtra has topped the list of states in delivering justice to people followed by Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, and Haryana.

5. Among the small states (where the population is less than one crore each), Goa has topped the list followed by Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh.


a) Police

i) Over the last five years, on an average, only 6.4% of the police force has been provided in-service training.

ii) That means that over 90% deal with the public without any training.

iii) Representation of SCs, STs, OBCs, and women in the police is poor, with huge vacancies in the reserved positions. Women constitute just 7% of the police.

b) Prison system

i) In 2016, 67.7% of India's prison population were undertrial prisoners. This percentage is higher than what it was a decade ago.

ii) Prisons are over-occupied at 114%. There is just 621 correctional staff across India’s 1,412 prisons.

c) Legal aid

d) Judiciary

i)  There are 28 million cases pending in Indian subordinate courts and 24% have been pending for more than 5 years.

ii) 2.3 million cases are pending for more than 10 years.

iii) As per the findings, India has about 18,200 judges with about 23% sanctioned posts vacant.

Source- The Hindu