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Key Initiatives in Education

Why the education sector needs reforms?

1. The government’s vision for ‘Transforming India’ requires reformation in education sector.

2. In pursuance with this, Ministry of Human Resource Development is transforming the education sector.

3. The Government has launched several new programmes to boost research and innovation in the country.

Which are the key reforms in School Education?


1. National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA) is an integrated teacher training programme.

2. Standardized training modules are developed at the national level for all states and UTs.


1. Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme (DHRUV) was launched to identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge.

2. It will help talented students realise their full potential in various fields like science, arts, etc. and eventually contribute to society.


1. It is an integrated online junction to improve school education by creating a junction for all online portals and websites relating to various activities of the Department of School Education and Literacy in the Government of India and all States and UTs.

2. The portal connects students, teachers and common people to ensure accountability and transparency.


1. Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing (DIKSHA 2.0) provides a digital platform to teachers giving them an opportunity to learn and train themselves.

2. It helps the teachers to connect with teacher community.

3. It has enhanced the coverage and improved the quality of e-content for teachers.

Operation Digital Board (ODB)

1. It aims to provide two smart classrooms in various schools across the country by 2023.


1. Unified District Information System for Education Plus is a GIS based mapping portal that gives information about various schools of the country.

What are the key reforms in higher education?


1. The Department of Higher Education of MHRD has launched a five-year vision plan named Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP).

2. It sets out to deliver on principles of access, inclusion, quality, excellence and enhancing accountability in higher education.

Institution of Eminence (IoE)

1. Ten institutions in public sector and 10 in private sectors have to be declared as IoE.

2. They will be eligible to receive Rs 1000 crore for 5 years.


1. It is initiated with enhanced features and facilities to offer online degree programmes through SWAYAM by top ranking universities.

SWAYAM PRABHA – DTH Education Channels

1. It will telecast high-quality educational programs through various DTH channels to reach out to students who do not have good learning options.