Back Yojana -

Khadi movement

What was the purpose of Khadi movement?

1. Gandhiji started Khadi movement as a relief programme for the poor masses, living in Indian villages, spinning, and weaving.

2. This became an ideology for self-reliance and self-governance.

3. Khadi was used as a tool to end the dependence on foreign materials – symbolizing foreign rule.

4. The Khadi movement had more economic and social reasons than political causes.

5. Gandhi believed that the deep poverty of the masses was mainly due to the departure from Swadeshi in the economic and industrial life.

6. Swadeshi means that villages should produce all its needs by its local resources in fields like agriculture, small industry, handicrafts, etc.

Why do we need it now?

1. In globalization State lose control over the economy and profits can be taken out of the country and local accountability of companies is negligible.

2. Also, import has laid a major impact on the economy of India.

3. Khadi and Swadeshi can address these issues and reduce the gap between rich and poor that has been growing around the globe for the last 5 decades.

Which are the steps taken to support Khadi and village industries in recent past?

1. Several artisan-centric programs were launched following the Prime Minister’s call of ‘Khadi for Economic Transformation.’

2. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has provided several new model Charkhas and modern looms.

3. About 400 new Khadi institutions have been added.

4. KVIC has created employment through Khadi in the remotest parts of the country.

5. KVIC has taken several steps to increase the reach of Khadi like E-marketing, approaching educational institutions, PSUs, etc.

6. New designs and products of Khadi cloths has changed its image.

7. In the village industry sector, new schemes like Honey mission, Kumhar Sashaktikaran Yojana, etc. were launched for the benefit of farmers, Adivasis, SC/ST and marginalized communities of potters and cobblers.

8. These programs included steps like distribution of Bee-boxes and electric potter wheels across the country.

9. KVIC has rechristened the marginalized community of cobblers as charm-chikitsak (Leather-technicians) and is set to distribute advanced leather tools among them.

10. Some innovative steps have been undertaken to remind about Swadeshi like – installation of world’s largest Charkha at IGI Airport, Charkha museum in Delhi, etc.

11. Khadi has developed waste plastic-mixed handmade paper carry bags for maintaining sanitation and reducing the plastic menace.

12. In the last 5 years, Khadi production and village industries’ turnover has increased a lot.

Where to focus?

1. Economic policies and programs must be drafted and oriented towards the principles of Swadeshi.

2. This can help uplift the economic sustainability of the deprived classes, farmers and working women.