National Clean Air Programme (NACP)

Prelims- Environment, Mains-GS3- Environment

a) Recently the ‘National Clean Air Programme (NACP)’ was launched by Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

b) NACP is a time-bound national-level strategy to tackle the increasing air pollution problem across the country comprehensively.

About NACP

Objectives

a) Comprehensive mitigation actions for prevention.

b) Control and abatement of air pollution.

c) Augmentation of the air quality monitoring network across the country.

d) Strengthening the awareness and capacity building activities.

Target

a)  Tentative national level target of 20-30% reduction in PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024.

b) Base year- 2017 for the comparison of the concentration.

c) The target will be effective in 102 polluted cities across the country. Some of them are designated smart cities.

Features

a) Increasing number of monitoring stations in the country including rural monitoring stations with technology support.

b) Emphasis on awareness and capacity building initiatives.

c) Setting up of certification agencies for monitoring equipment.

d) Source apportionment studies.

e) Emphasis on enforcement.

f) Specific sectoral interventions.

Implementation Approach

Approach will be collaborative, multi-scale and cross-sectoral coordination between the

1) Intersectoral groups of relevant central ministries and departments

i) Ministry of Road Transport and Highway

ii) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

iii) Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

iv) Ministry of Heavy Industry

v) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

vi) Ministry of Agriculture

vii) Ministry of Health

viii) NITI Aayog

ix) CPCB.

2) Experts from the industry, academia, and civil society.

3) Partnership with multilateral and bilateral international organizations, leading technical institutions to achieve its outcomes.

4) State governments

5) Local bodies

Source- Indian Express and PIB