National Voter's Day

The election process and democracy have been maturing continuously in India.

How election process has developed democracy in India?

1. India provides universal adult suffrage to its citizens which means the right to vote is given to all adult citizens without discrimination based on caste, color, religion, or sex. This principle was adopted after the approval of members of the constituent assembly and implemented on January 26, 1950.

2. Many nations of the world took many years to give voting rights to all its citizens. For example, Switzerland denied the right to vote to women till 1973.

3. India follows a multi-party system, and citizens can change the government using their voting powers. This has given it a recognition of being the largest democratic nation in the world.

What is the role of Election Commission of India?

1. The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India. It administers election to the Lok Sabha and the state Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and the Vice President in the country.

2. It operates under the authority of the Constitution as per Article 324, and the Representation of the People Act.

3. The Election Commission of India keeps on observing where things need improvement. So new rules and technologies are constantly being implemented by it.

4. Use of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) has helped in making the election process fairer.

5. The VVPAT (Voter-verified paper audit trail) system is further being implemented to cross check by giving a slip to the voter after he has voted.

6. The commission organizes various awareness campaigns to improve voter’s participation.

7. In 2009, the Election Commission launched a programme called the new systematic voter’s education and electoral participation. The programme was very successful and was aimed at creating an awareness among the youth about the country’s electoral system.

8. The voting percentage has been increasing in India, the and Election Commission aims to make sure that no voter shall be left out.

When is National Voters Day?

1. The government of India decided to celebrate January 25 every year as ‘National Voters Day’.

2. It has been started on January 25, 2011, to mark the day of formation of the Election Commission of India. The commission was formed on 25 January 1950.

3. 2019 is the 9th year of observing the National Voter’s Day. The theme for this year is “No voter to be left behind”.

Why is it observed?

1. To encourage more young voters to participate in the political process.

2. It aims to encourage new voters as they attain an age of 18 years for getting enrolled in electoral rolls.

3. Voters Day shows India’s progress in electoral democracy.

4. Awards for best electoral practices to District Collectors, Superintends of Police and other functionaries involved in election management are also presented by the President of India.