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Mains- GS-2 Governance

1. The attempt at digital learning has exposed the digital divide in India.

Which are the measures taken for digital education?

1. Ministry of education shared free e-learning platforms.

2. Disha portal provided e-learning content aligned to the curriculum.

3. e-Pathshala app by NCERT provided content for Classes 1 to 12 in multiple languages.

4. Swayam provided video content and assignments aiding the school and higher education.

5. SWAYAM Prabha telecasted educational programmes through DTH.

What was the challenge?

1. It amplified the divide already existing between children.

2. The rapid transition to digital learning had overlooked existing divides like spatial, digital, gender and class.

3.The uneven distribution of technology stood exposed during the pandemic.

4. States lacked adequate digital infrastructure.

5. Teachers were poorly equipped to teach.

6. Poor internet connectivity.

7. Unavailability of digital infrastructure for students at home.

Why was the impact of digital learning not good?

1. Boys became inattentive to listen to class.

2. Girls from the poor family were forced to do household chores.

3. Postponement of exams affected quality of education.

4. Family support for education decreased.

5. Only 50% of school children were confident of coming back to school.

How it affected other efforts?

1. It affected the distribution of mid-day meals resulting in nutritional deficit.

2. The school health programme was hampered.

3. Pre-matric scholarships to girl children was hampered

Where lies the problem for girl children ?

1. They were pushed to do household work.

2. They are vulnerable to early marriages.

3. In states like Rajasthan access of girls to education during the COVID-19 period was limited to 11%.

How to move forward Post-Pandemic?

1. Authorities should establish the re-enrolment of children as mandated by the National Education Policy 2020.

2. Mass outreach programmes to encourage re-enrolment should be done.

3. Remedial tuitions and counselling are advisable.

4. Scholarships, targeted cash transfers and other entitlements to be pursued to retain the poorest at school.

5. Making secondary education for girls free.

6. Education planning has to be context-specific, gender-responsive and inclusive.

7. Removal of barriers in pre-matric scholarships and ensuring the provision of mid-day meals.

Source : The hindu