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General Finance Rules

Prelims-Economy

1. The Government of India has amended General Finance Rules (GFR) 2017 to ensure procurement of goods and services valued less than Rs 200 crore from domestic firms.

2. So, global tenders will be disallowed in government procurement up to Rs 200 crore.

3. GFRs are a compilation of rules and orders of GoI to be followed by all while dealing with matters involving public finances.

4. These rules and orders are treated as executive instructions to be observed by all Departments and Organisations under the Government and specified.

5. GFR was issued for the first time in 1947 and was updated recently in 2017.

Source- The Hindu

Demo-2 Mission

Prelims-Science and Technology

1. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’s ‘SpaceX Demo-2 test flight’ will lift off for International Space Station (ISS).

2. The Demo-2 mission is part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program.

3. The main objective of the program is to make access to space easier in terms of its cost for easy transport of cargo and crew to and from the ISS.

4. Under the program, NASA has been working with several American aerospace industry companies to facilitate the development of US human spaceflight systems since 2010.

5. Boeing and SpaceX were selected by NASA in September 2014 to develop transportation systems meant to transfer crew from the US to the ISS.

Source- Indian Express

Sonic Boom

Prelims-Science and Technology

1. A sonic boom is a sound associated with the shock waves created when an object travels through the air faster than the speed of sound.

2. Sound travels in the form of waves that are emitted outwards from its source.

3. The speed of sound waves depends on several factors such as the temperature of the air and altitude in air.

4. The speed of sound in air is about 343 meters per second and the supersonic speed is the speed which is faster than sound.

5. Sonic booms generate enormous amounts of sound energy, sounding similar to an explosion or a thunderclap to the human ear.

Source- Indian Express

WHO Executive Board

Prelims- Miscellaneous

1. The Union Health Minister of India has become the Chairman of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Executive Board.

2. The WHO is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.

3. The WHO is governed by two decision-making bodies

a) World Health Assembly- WHO’s decision-making body and consists of 194 Member States.

b) Executive Board

4. The Executive Board is composed of 34 members technically qualified in the field of health with members being elected for three-year terms.

5. The Board chairman’s post is held by rotation for one year by each of the WHO’s six regional groups

a) African Region

b) Region of the Americas

c) South-East Asia Region

d) European Region

e) Eastern Mediterranean Region

f) Western Pacific Region.

6. India became a party to the WHO Constitution on 12 January 1948. It is a member state of the South East Asia Region at the WHO.

Source- Indian Express

National Crisis Management Committee

Prelims-Polity

1. NCMC has reviewed the situation in the cyclone-affected areas of Odisha and West Bengal.

2. It is set up by the Government of India for effective coordination and implementation of relief measures and operations during natural calamity.

3. NCMC has been constituted in the Cabinet Secretariat and headed by Cabinet Secretary.

4. The committee is composed of

a) Cabinet Secretary- Chairman

b) Secretary to Prime Minister Member

c) Secretary to Ministry of Home Affairs- Member

d) Director (IB) Member

e) Secretary (R&AW) Member

f) Secretary (Agriculture) Co-opted Member

g) An officer of Cabinet Secretariat. Convenor

Source- The Hindu