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Quality Education

What is RTE Act, 2009?

1. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 entitles every child of 6 to 14 years to a right to free and compulsory education in a neighbourhood school till completion of elementary education.

2. It comes under Article 21A of the Constitution of India and is a Fundamental Right.

3. This provides for a right based framework legally obligating the Central and State Governments to implement the RTE Act.

4. Section 8c of the Act mandates the appropriate government to ensure that the child belonging to weaker section and disadvantaged group are not discriminated against and prevented from completing elementary education on any grounds.

5. It requires all private schools (except the minority institutions) to reserve 25% of seats for the poor and other categories of children.

Which initiatives aim at providing quality education?

1. Samagra Shiksha scheme- subsumes erstwhile schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).

2. Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat- a sub-programme of erstwhile Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).

3. Navodaya Vidyalaya Scheme

Where do these initiatives focus?

Samagra Shiksha Scheme

1. It is an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class 12.

2. It aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of school education.

3. One of the major objectives of the scheme is to bridge gender and social category gaps.

4. It reaches out to girls, Children with Special Needs and children belonging to SC, ST, minority communities and transgenders.

5. It provides for entitlements such as free uniforms, text books, etc.

Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat

1. Its objectives are to promote early reading, writing, basic comprehension and numeracy skills in children.

2. States/UTs are implementing PBBB in their respective States/UTs using multiple strategies and approaches.

Navodaya Vidyalaya Scheme

1. It provides for opening of one Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya in each district of the country to bring out the best of rural talent.

2. It selects rural children as the target group and aims to provide them quality education.

How is vocational education promoted?

1. The Government has taken various steps to promote vocational education throughout the country, including backward regions.

2. There are various Community colleges, Institutes and DDU Kaushal Kendras functioning under University Grants Commission (UGC) operating vocational education.