Kurukshetra - Back

Rural Education

Why is education important for a nation?

1. Education plays an important role in individual’s growth and national development.

2. It reduces poverty, boosts economic growth and increases income.

3. It is an important investment for a country’s people and its future.

What are the focus areas of Draft National Education Policy?

1. It aims to overhaul the entire education system.

2. It seeks to address the challenges of:

i. Access

ii. Equity

iii. Quality

iv. Affordability

v. Accountability

3. It targets to strengthen and upscale the skills of both teachers and learners to meet global levels.

4. It proposes major changes in both school and higher education, improved governance and focus on research and innovation.

5. Tries to equip students with skills and knowledge.

6. Aims for transformation at all levels of education with a focus on early childhood care, teacher training, examination system, and research.

7. Proposes increased public investment in education and strengthening the use of technology.

8. Creation of a new body “Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog” is proposed. It would be the only regulator for all higher education.

How is the budget promoting education?

1. The National education policy of the government proposes major changes in higher education.

2. “Study in India” aims to brand India as a prime study destination for international students.

3. A National Research Foundation to fund and promote research is to be set up.

4. New-age skills are given focus.

5. IITs, Rashtriya Uchhatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA), Impact Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS), etc. have got considerable allocations in the budget.

6. In the school sector, budget has been allocated for Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan and mid-day meal program.

7. It is also proposed to develop a “Gandhi-Pedia”.

National Research Foundation (NRF)

1. It will be an autonomous body for funding, mentoring and building the capacity for quality research in India.

2. It will consist of four major divisions: sciences, technology, social sciences, and arts and humanities.

3. It will give a boost to building indigenous products and solutions.

Higher Education

1. A Higher Education Commission will be set up.

2. Various suggestions have been given to improve the overall quality of higher education by draft New Education Policy. These include establishing new institutions, professional development of faculty, etc.

Technology

1. Focus on quality education with the use of technology will benefit the Indian education sector in the future.

2. Focus on technology implies an expansion in the Skill India Program.

3. Setting up of a National Education Technology Forum is recommended.

4. Study of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM), an integrated platform for offering online courses is promoted.

5. Focus is on imparting skills in areas like artificial intelligence, big data, 3-D printing, robotics, etc. to youths. This will open new avenues of career growth.

National Sports Education Board under ‘Khelo India’ scheme

1. The budget has emphasized the need to promote enthusiasm in sports.

2. In schools, opportunities will be provided to participate in various physical activities like games, yoga, dance, etc.

3. A National Sports Education Board will be set up.

Where is the way ahead?

1. The Budget has focused on digitalization, technology and improving education at all levels.

2. It is committed to bringing in new education policy.

3. Initiatives under the budget shall open doors for the education and e-learning sector as a whole.

4. It will lead to the development of a robust educational system for a vibrant new India, especially in the rural heartland.