Back Kurukshetra -

Rural Employment

1. Employment generation is the most important factor for economic development of any nation.

2. Many measures taken so far by the Government have brought significant changes in the nature of employment and has also increased employment opportunities.

3. India has taken a number of steps for generating employment, especially for the rural masses.

4. The government has been working to create more and better employment opportunities for youth through various initiatives.

What is the nature of Indian workforce?

1. India is home to one of the world’s largest working-age population out of which a significant population lives in the rural areas.

2. Employment in rural areas mostly focuses on agriculture and the allied sector.

3. There is a rising need for social inclusion, economic empowerment and enhanced opportunities for labour market.

4. So, initiatives like Jan Dhan Yojana, GST and Ujjwala scheme were launched as they have the potential to improve social mobility and equitable market access in the country.

5. India's influence in the world has grown drastically due to which providing employment to the youth is a priority for the government.

6. India with the world’s largest youth population can take maximum advantage of its workforce as the demographic dividend is in favour.

7. India can become the skill-hub of the world.

Which areas does the government focus on?

1. Special focus is given to the jobs originated in agriculture as India is predominantly an agrarian economy although there is significant growth in manufacturing and service sectors.

2. Modern concepts like smart farming with the use of state-of-the-art technologies are being used for high precision crop control and automation of farming techniques attracting rural youth.

3. Organic farming in domestic and overseas market that generates remunerative employment across value-chain, from production to processing, packaging and marketing has gained significant popularity.

4. Government is also promoting the fisheries sector for developing linkages with the overseas market.

5. The government aims to raise fish production to 200 lakh tonnes by 2022-23 and involve youth in fishery extension through 3477 Sagar Mitras and 500 Fish Farmer Producer Organizations.

6. The government also aims to raise fishery exports to Rs. 1 lakh crore by 2024-25.

Where is the way ahead?

1. Rural infrastructure is vital for agriculture, agro-based industries, employment and poverty alleviation in rural areas.

2. Many schemes are enabling rural youth to find employment in the construction sector.

3. Work is also being done for connecting far-flung areas to urban centres and uplifting the quality of life.

4. A holistic approach is necessary to make India a five trillion-dollar economy in the near future.