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SDG India Index

A country is made truly developed by providing its citizens with good health, good education, nutrition, removing inequalities of income, etc.

What is the SDG India Index?

1. Government of India started ranking all states on sustainable development goals which are monitored by NITI Aayog.

2. The Index was first developed by NITI Aayog in 2018.

3. SDG Index 2019 was launched by the NITI Aayog that ranks all the States and Union Territories on the basis of SDGs.

4. SDG India Index is the only index in the world that is led by the Government itself.

5. India is the first nation to provide such a ranking on the sub-national level.

Why is the 2019 Index different?

1. The 2018 Index covered only 13 out of the 17 Goals with an indicator list of 62.

2. In 2019 all the Goals have been focused.

3. So, the present Index is more robust and comprehensive with a list of 100 indicators.

4. Classification criteria based on SDG India Index score is: Aspirant (0–49), Performer (50–64), Front Runner: (65–99) and Achiever (100)

How has India performed?

1. Based on indicators, India has shown progress at district and block levels.

2. The composite score for India has moved up from 57 in 2018 to 60 in 2019.

3. Out of 100, only 40 scores are now left to be covered to reach the SDG target in 2030.

4. Maximum gains have been made in Goals 6 (clean water and sanitation), 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure) and 7 (affordable and clean energy).

5. This can be attributed to Swachh Bharat Mission, Jal Jivan Abhiyan, Saubhagya scheme and Ujjawala scheme, improvement in roads and infrastructure and Jan Dhan Aadhar mobile network.

6. Kerala (70 score), Himachal Pradesh (score 69) and Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana (score 67) are the top-ranking states.

7. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Assam that were in ‘Aspirant’ category have graduated to the ‘Performer’ category.

8. Five states – Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Goa and Sikkim – moved up from the ‘Performer’ category to the ‘Front-runner’ category.

9. These improvements show the importance given to SDGs and the efforts taken to improve.

10. States like Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim have made significant improvement.

11. In India now there are no states in the ‘Red’ Category (score of 0 – 49).

12. In Goal 2 (Zero Hunger)- Goa, Mizoram, Nagaland, Kerala, Manipur, Sikkim, Puducherry and Chandigarh have done better. Goa has a score of 76 more than India’s average in Goal 2 of 35.

13. Areas that need focus include Goal 2 (Zero Hunger) that requires nutrition and Goal 5 (Gender Equality).

14. Jharkhand (score 22), Madhya Pradesh (score 24) and Bihar (score 26) require far more attention in nutrition for women, children and all the civil population.

Which are the benefits of making the SDG Index?

1. The performance in the Index allows the public and opposition to measure government’s efficiency and hold it accountable.

2. The Index has become a very important agenda for policy-makers at the state level.

3. The Index has led to the formation of committees at Chief Secretary and Chief Minister levels for periodic assessment of their SDG progress.

4. Total of 14 States and UTs have improved their performance in SDG Index.

5. This shows that an Index that ranks the states force all the stakeholders including the Government, Local Government or Community put their efforts to improve the State rankings.