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Status, Potential and New Technologies in Organic Farming

How Green Revolution has been harmful to the environment?

1. Overuse of chemical fertilizers to increase crop production led to soil deterioration.

2. It made the plant fertilizers sensitive and disturbed the pest-predator relationship.

4. Crop productivity has decreased following the Law of Diminishing Marginal Return and is dependent on the external support system.

5. The excess use of pesticides has led to the entry of harmful compounds into food chain, death of natural enemies and development of resistance to pesticides.

6. This has led to serious health implications to man and other forms of life as well as the environment.

Why is Organic Farming important for India?

1. India holds a unique position among 172 countries practicing organic agriculture.

2. It has 6,50,000 organic producers, 699 processors, 699 exporters and 7,20,000 hectares under cultivation.

3. India produced around 1.35 million MT (2015-16) of certified organic products which includes all varieties of food products.

4. The production includes edible items as well as organic cotton fiber.

5. In the year 2015, India ranked first in terms of the number of organic producers among over 170 countries and 9th in terms of the area under organic agriculture.

6. India ranked 11th in organic product exports in 2015.

7. India is home to 30% of the total organic producers in the world, but accounts for just 2.59% (1.5 million hectares) of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares.

Where are the challenges?

1. Lack of proper knowledge transfer.

2. Farmer's participation in problem identification and solving is inadequate.

3. Majority of agro-research does not prioritize/focus on dissemination of research outcome at farmers’ level.

4. There is a lack of availability of practical guidelines, communication gap with small and marginal farmers and lack of comprehensive approach for integration of technological know-how etc.

5. Slow growth of domestic markets.

What needs to be done?

1. Organic agriculture is important in addressing climate change and hygienic food security.

2. Government has formulated different subsidies and incentives for the incorporation of natural as well as organic inputs in the regular cultivation system.

3. There is a need to adopt comprehensive and scientific organic package of practice.

Which are the new technologies/package of practices in Organic Farming in India?

1. Biodynamic farming and Inhana Rational Farming Technology are presently in practice.

2. In most of the cases, different organic inputs are also used to make different organic package of practice for different crops such as:

3. Vermi compost (soil management) + different herbal concoctions (plant management)

4. Indigenous compost/manure (viz. FYM etc) + different herbal concoctions.

5.Vermi/indigenous compost+ Bio-fertilizers (soil management) + different herbal concoctions

Inhana Organic Farming (IRF) Technology

1. This provides a natural receptive pathway for crop production taking into account the interrelated and integrated relationships of all the components of the ecosystem.

2. It blends the ancient Indian wisdom with scientific knowledge and ensures healthy plant and soil system which ultimately leads a successful crop output without disrupting the ecological harmony.

3. This farming technology has been widely adopted in reputed tea estates in India and has shown its effectivity towards the reduction of chemical/ pesticide load and management of recurrent disease problems.