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The Government of India has started various programs and schemes involving the masses to achieve a healthy and clean India.
Where the Government of India focuses on the 2019-20 Budget?
1. Government of India targets to achieve a $5 trillion economy, a quantitative goal for Sundar Bharat (Beautiful India) via Swastha Bharat (Healthy India), with sub roots in Swachha Bharat (Clean India).
2. India is a signatory of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
3. Government of India is committed to fulfil the SDGs and SDG 6 in particular.
4. SDG 6 talks about clean water, adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end of open defecation.
5. Government of India has taken various measures to improve sanitation facilities and reduce the mortality caused by water-borne diseases and make clean India.
What are the steps taken by the government to improve sanitation?
1. Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was launched in 2014 with the aim to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019.
2. Success of this mission depends on the available infrastructure and behavioral changes in patterns of toilet usage and hygiene by individuals.
3. SBM has 2 branches – Gramin and Urban.
4. SBM adopts an approach to enhance the quality of life by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation.
5. SBM ensures community participation in setting up and sustaining the use of toilets.
6. SBM encourages Corporate Social Responsibility.
7. SBM is linked with information technology.
8. A new Ministry of Jal Shakti has been formed to work on an integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level. This includes the creation of local infrastructure like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge, etc.
9. The number of Open Defecation Free villages has been significantly increasing since 2015.
10. For Solid Waste Management Government has focussed on the use of methods like the construction of waste collection centers, installation of biogas plants, etc.
11. SBM has shown positive trends towards sanitation, drinking water source and use of clean fuels.
Which are the schemes focussing on achieving Clean Air?
1. Increasing burden of diseases from air pollution is a major challenge for policymakers.
2. SDG 7 emphasizes on “access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy for all”.
3. Household air pollution from solid cooking fuel has a detrimental impact on health, climate, and the environment.
4. Less developed countries still suffer from exposure to household pollution.
5. Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana (PMUY), initiated in 2016, has helped in reducing dependence on solid fuels to Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG), a clean-smokeless cooking fuel.
6. Direct Benefit Transfer for LPG customer scheme, ‘PAHAL’, helps in receiving LPG subsidy directly into bank accounts, adopting the JAM (Jan-Dhan Aadhar Mobile) model.
Why is it necessary to focus on the availability of clean water?
1. Access to safe, clean and assured supply of drinking water is essential for human development.
2. Due to increasing domestic demand for water, most of India’s river basins, including the Ganga, the Krishna, and the Indus, could face a severe deficit by 2030.
3. Presence of chemical contamination in drinking water creates a new danger.
4. The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation is setting up the International Centre for Drinking Water Quality (ICDWQ) to work on the areas of drinking water quality.
5. The Government of India has ensured piped water supply to every household by 2024 under ‘Jal Jivan Mission’.
6. The ‘Nal Se Jal’ scheme aims to provide piped drinking water to every rural household.
How is the Government of India trying to improve Health?
1. Health and well-being is the 3rd goal of SDG which India has to achieve by 2030.
2. To achieve universal coverage, enshrined in the National Health Policy 2017, the Government has conceived Ayushamn Bharat Scheme.