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Swachh Bharat Mission (GRAMIN)

What are the features of Swachh Bharat Mission?

1. Swachh Bharat Mission was launched on 2nd October 2014 on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti to achieve “Clean India” by 2019.

2. It has become a peoples’ movement, through which a sense of responsibility has been evoked among the people towards Clean India.

3. This mission has been helpful not just for sanitation development but also for bringing about the behaviour and mindset change in millions of Indians.

How has Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) progressed?

1. SBM-G plays a crucial role in improving the situation of sanitation and is making a significant impact on public health.

2. It includes a planned approach towards dealing behaviour issues, providing proper infrastructure and coming up with appropriate policies and delivery of services which helps in safe sanitation.

3. Except Odisha, Goa, Telangana and West Bengal, all the other states had been covered 100% by Individual Household Latrines (IHHL).

4. 98.86% people now have toilet facility in their premises. In addition, 5,50,295 villages, 2,46,146 Gram Panchayats, 602 districts and 28 states are declared as ODF.

5. The funding for SBM-G has been provided by Central and state government and from Swachh Bharat Kosh. Some funding has also been done by multilateral agencies.

6. The Swachh Bharat Kosh has been established to collect and mobilize funds from non-governmental agencies and corporate sectors.

Whom does the SBM-G affect?

1. It improves the dignity and quality of life of people in rural areas by promoting a clean and hygienic environment.

2. It also strengthens the safety of women, girls and children and increases their workforce participation because of better health and hygiene.

3. Decline in open defecation has also led to an improved overall health situation and substantial reduction in the medical expenses and mortality.

Where to focus in the future?

1. The issues of sanitation need to be dealt through a sustainable process i.e. without depletion over a period of time.

2. Toilet building and its maintenance with adequate water availability are important as people will not prefer to use uncleaned and unhygienic toilets.

3. There should be proper knowledge about waste disposal in order to maintain the toilets and cleanliness.

4. Government needs to make provision for interest free loan to the beneficiaries who look forward for building toilets in their home.

5. Efforts of people towards this change must be recognized through appreciations and awards to social workers, villages, Gram Panchayats etc.