The Constitution (125th Amendment) Bill, 2019

Mains-GS2-Constitution

What is Constitution 125th Amendment Bill?

a) The government of India introduced a Constitution Amendment Bill in Rajya Sabha to increase the financial and executive powers of the 10 Autonomous Councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of the northeastern region.

b) Sixth Schedule – Provisions made for the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.

Which are the States that will be affected by this bill?

a) The amendment will impact one crore tribal people in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

How will this benefit the people of North-East?

 a) The Bill provides for elected village municipal councils ensuring democracy at the grassroot level.

b) The village councils will be empowered to prepare plans for economic development and social justice including those related to agriculture, implementation of land reform, animal husbandry, rural electrification and social forestry.

c) The Finance Commission will be mandated to recommend devolution of financial resources to them.

d) The Autonomous Councils ,as of now, depend on grants from Central ministries and the State government for specific projects.

e) At least one-third of the seats will be reserved for women in the village and municipal councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of Assam, Mizoram and Tripura.

Why are some States protesting against the Bill?

 a) Assam and other States like Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura and Mizoram have been protesting against the Bill.

b) The Bill would make it possible to give Indian citizenship to illegal Hindu migrants from Bangladesh in Assam who came after March 1971 in violation of the  Assam Accord.

When was the Assam Accord signed?

a) The Assam Accord (1985) was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in 1985.

b) Assam Accord ended an agitation that demanded identification and deportation of illegal immigrants by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU).

c) Some of the key clauses are yet to be implemented.

 Source- The Hindu