Scientific Innovations in the Service of Society
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Transforming Public Transport in India
Why is metro rail needed as a mass transit system?
1. The urban space in India is shrinking every year due to rapid growth in the population of cities and rise in motor vehicles.
2. The gap between demand and supply of public transport needs is widening.
3. Metro rail has become the core priority of urban administrations to ease the urban commutation.
4. Metro rail system carries a large number of commuters and is operated on non-pollutant energy.
5. Construction of underground train systems first began in the 19th century in Britain.
6. The success of earliest MRT Systems like London Tube and New York Metro led to the development of similar systems across the world. Examples – Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing, New Delhi, etc.
What are the benefits of metro system over traditional transport systems?
1. Traditional means of transport are outdated and carry only in a limited capacity. They cannot match the growing needs of the population.
2. Traditional means contribute to pollution and increase traffic.
3. Loss of time in traffic causes loss of billions of work hours every year.
4. An innovative public transport system that operates on non-pollutant sources and meets the specific mobility needs of a large population is needed in cities.
5. Metro rail serves the purpose of being eco-friendly and able to carry a large number of commuters.
How energy efficient is the Delhi Metro?
1. After the introduction of the Delhi Metro, the number of private vehicles on road got reduced.
2. This, in turn, reduced about 5,53,203 tonnes of CO2 from the environment every year.
3. DMRC became the first country in the world to win carbon credits.
4. Delhi Metro has developed its own solar power generation plants on rooftops of station and depots.
5. DMRC has adopted several efficient and innovative construction methods.
Where to focus?
1. DMRC has become very popular and prompted other cities to take up similar projects of their own.
2. In India, metro networks are operational in 10 cities and more projects are being proposed.
3. Metros in cities like Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai are carrying lakhs of commuters every day.
4. Social campaigns, Community interaction programmes in the lines of DMRC has to be done in other cities to make the metro system a popular choice.