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Translocation of Wild Buffaloes

Prelims- Environment

1. Five female wild buffaloes will be translocated from Assam to the Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary in Raipur district.

2. This will be done to help revive the waning population of Chhattisgarh’s State animal and expand its territory across States.

3. Central India is the historic habitat of Buffaloes.

4. This will be the longest such translocation in the country ever.

5. Its revival depends on hassle-free translocation, successful breeding and subsequent restocking of other habitats in the region.

Reasons for translocation

1. The survival hazard of inbreeding, continuing lineage, and increasing male population have necessitated the translocation.

2. Buffaloes of Indravati National Park in Bijapur, Chhattisgarh frequently travel to neighboring Kolamarka Conservation Reserve in Gadchiroli, Maharashtra.

3. There needs to be a landscape approach across the States as corridors cut across them.

About Wild Buffalo

1. The estimated population of the wild buffaloes (Bubalus arnee) in the Northeast is around 3,000-4,000.

2. This is the largest in the country accounting for 92% of the world population.

3. It is listed under Schedule 1 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, and classified as endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Source: The Hindu