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Urbanization and Migration

What are the reasons for migration?

1. Influx from rural to semi-urban, semi-urban to urban and urban to metro cities is a continuous cycle.

2. It is because cities offer better lifestyles and provide a platform for development.

3. They provide opportunities for employment, profit, better lives, quality education and larger markets.

4. People come from various places to cities and eventually settle down there to become a part of urbanisation.

5. They become a part of cities hoping to have a better future for themselves and their children.

Why is increasing urbanization a challenge?

1. Urbanisation follows a multitude of problems for the individuals as well as communities.

2. Limited resources and stress on the existing infrastructure give way to more industries that bring more people to cities.

3. With limited choices, cities have a collective challenge to meet the growing demands of the population in a sustainable manner.

4. Surging land prices and haphazard vertical development making the cities more disaster-prone.

Which steps are promoting sustainable urbanization?

1. Initiatives have been taken in terms of physical ones through infrastructure push.

2. Initiatives to reduce societal gaps in terms of equal opportunities through better healthcare, education, sue of technology and employment.

3. Technology is helping in planning the cities better through satellite imagery and decongesting the existing road networks.

Where we need to focus?

1. There is a need for providing public amenities for the marginalised city dwellers, as well as in the rural regions with quality, affordable services.

2. This may lead to a reverse migration in a positive sense.

3. Focus on investment in quality education, healthcare and infrastructure in sub-urban regions and villages which can reduce unnecessary influx to the cities.

4. Holistic approach of developing urban and rural India in a mutually symbiotic manner is required.