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Worker safety code Bill 2019

Prelims- Economy, Mains-GS2-Social Justice, Mains-GS3- Economic Development

Recently the Union Cabinet has approved a code on ‘Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Bill, 2019’.

About the bill

a) The bill aims to enhance the coverage of the safety, health and working conditions provisions manifold as compared to the present scenario.

b) The bill aims to merge 13 labour laws into one code on occupational safety, health and working conditions that would apply to all establishments with 10 or more workers.

c) The bill will be applicable to all trades, including IT establishments and service sector.

d) The code makes it mandatory for employers to provide free annual medical check-ups and issue appointment letters to all employees.

e) The multiple committees under five labour Acts would be replaced by the National Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Board.

f) The code framed rules for women workers working night shifts.

Acts to be amalgamated

a) Factories Act, 1948

b) Mines Act, 1952

c) Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996

d) Plantations Labour Act, 1951

e) Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970

f) Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979

g) Working Journalist and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service and Misc. Provision) Act, 1955

h) Working Journalist (Fixation of rates of wages) Act, 1958

i) Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961

j) Sales Promotion Employees (Condition of Service) Act, 1976

k) Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966

l) Cine-Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers Act, 1981.

m) Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986


a) It will provide Safety, Health, welfare and improved Working Conditions which are prerequisite for well-being of the worker and for economic growth of the country.

b) Workforce of the country would be more healthy and productive. There will be less occurrence of accidents.